Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is comprised of two major disorders which are Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn’s disease. In ulcerative colitis, inner lining or mucosal lining of the colon or the large intestine (colon) is inflamed. With Crohn’s disease the inflammation extends to the deeper layer of the gastrointestinal tract . It mostly affects the last part of the small intestine called the ileum and colon, but it can affect the entire GI tract from your mouth to the anus.
Cause- In spite of intense research the cause of IBD is not clear. One theory suggest that viral, bacterial, or possibly allergic reaction to some food initially causes inflammation of the small or large intestine and, depending on genetic predisposition, body produces antibodies which attack the intestine, leading to inflammation and other symptoms. It is seen that around 10 percent of patients with IBD have a close family member (parent, sibling or child) with the disease, which lends support to a genetic predisposition in some patients.
Do you need treatment for IBD? Call Gastroenterology Institute of Orlando, FL at 407-201-3686 to learn more about treatment!