Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)


Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

IBS is a common disorder that affects the large intestine,  characterized by chronic abdominal pain  and  altered bowel habits in the absence of an organic disease.  The abdominal pain or discomfort occurs at least 3 days per month in the last three months with 2 or more of the following ; improvement with defecation , onset associated with change in frequency of stool, or onset associated with a change in appearance of stool.

Only a small number of people with IBS have severe signs and symptoms. Some people can control their symptoms by managing diet, lifestyle and stress. More-severe symptoms can be treated with medication and counseling.

Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Movements might include:

  • Abdominal pain, cramping or bloating that is typically relieved or partially relieved by passing a bowel movement
  • Feeling gassy, or bloating
  • Diarrhea or constipation — sometimes alternating bouts of diarrhea and constipation
  • Mucus in the stool

Colonoscopy must be considered on patients , who  in addition to the above symptoms reports of more than minimal rectal bleeding , weight loss, unexplained iron deficiency anemia, nocturnal symptoms, family history of colorectal cancer, Inflammatory Bowel disease or celiac sprue .

Dietary modifications:

Tradional IBS diet consists of regular meal pattern, avoidance of large meals, reduced intake of fat, insoluble fibers , caffeine, and gas producing foods such as beans , cabbage and onions. Also alcohol and caffeine must be avoided. Patients with known lactose intolerance must be placed on a Lactose restricted diet

Your Physician might recommend Fiber supplement if your predominant symptom is constipation. Starting on a low dose of psyllium is advised and increase gradually as some patients may experience increased bloating and gas.

Regular Physical activity would  benefit  the IBS symptoms and thus is recommended.

Do you need treatment for Irritable Bowel Syndrome? Call Gastroenterology Institute of Orlando, FL at 407-201-3686 to learn more about treatment!

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