Acute Pancreatitis is the inflammation of the pancreas characterized by abdominal pain and elevated pancreatic enzymes in blood. The most common causes of acute pancreatitis are gallstones and excessive alcohol consumption. Other causes that can also contribute to the development of pancreatitis are smoking, high triglyceride levels, high calcium levels, certain medications, abdominal trauma, viral and bacterial infections .
Symptoms: Gradual or sudden onset of abdominal pain which radiates to the back, nausea and vomiting and fever.
Treatment: Rest to the pancreas is recommended. This can be achieved by not eating anything. Intravenous administration of fluids are recommended to maintain nutrition and pain meds are administered. The cause of pancreatitis must be identified and need to be eliminated. If an obstructed gall stone is causing the pancreatitis , it can be removed by an endoscopic procedure called ERCP and surgical removal of the gall bladder is recommended to prevent further development of gall stone pancreatitis. If alcohol or any other medications is identified as the culprit , complete abstinence of alcohol or discontinuation of the medication is recommended. High triglyceride levels must be controlled with medications.
Do you need treatment for Acute Pancreatitis? Call Gastroenterology Institute of Orlando, FL at 407-201-3686 to learn more about treatment!